What is Yunani?
An abbreviation of the Persian word, “Yunateppu.”
A form of traditional medicine developed in ancient Persia based on ancient Greek medicine and influenced by Egyptian medicine and Indian Ayurveda. It was systemized by Ibn Sina in the 9th and 10th century and significantly influenced Western medicine.
Alongside Indian Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine, Yunani is considered one of the world’s three great medical practices. The history of Western medicine only dates back around 100 years, and before that, healing depended on such traditional medicines.
Even today, Yunani is practiced widely in Islamic countries. Their principles of pathology are based on the belief that the world (nature) is made up of four elements (earth, air, fire, water) and that people’s health is maintained by the balance of these four elements with the four cardinal humors (phlegm, blood, choler, black bile) and the four temperaments (hot, cold, moist, dry).
Treatment is based on diet and natural medicine and aims both to treat and cure. Although not well known in Japan, many plants said to be good for health―
pomegranate, Damask rose, burdock root, dates, licorice root, to name a few-are natural remedies of Yunani.
Mofid products are developed by integrating the wisdom of Yunani and knowledge from modern science and using the power of nature to its fullest.
Ibn Sina （９８０−１０３７）
A famous Persian intellectual, philosopher, physician, scientist. Latinized name is Avicenna. Born in Afshaneh near Bukhara in central Asia. Was active in various regions of Iran and was greatly influential to medieval Europe.
He wrote many books on a wide range of subjects including medicine, philosophy, theology, astronomy, mathematics, linguistics, and music. The Metaphysics of The Healing, which he wrote as a philosopher, is a vast philosophical and scientific encyclopedia, which later had profound influence on Islamic philosophy and was also significant in the sense that it preserved and introduced the philosophies of Aristotle. In the late 12th century, Ibn Sina’s works spread through medieval Europe and had great influence on the society that had virtually lost the teachings of ancient Greece.
The Canon of Medicine, which he wrote as a physician, provides an overview of all aspects of medicine according to the principles of Hippocrates and Galenos. It was the most comprehensive book of Greek and Islamic medicine at the time, and after it was translated into Latin, it was used in European universities until as late as the 17th century and in India until the early 20th century.
Though many of his writings have been lost, among the ones that survived include Remarks and Admonitions, The Book of Salvation, and The Book of Scientific Knowledge.
Ibn Sina also discovered steam distillation (method used for extracting Damask rose oil).
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